Dental Fluorosis | Cause, Symptoms, Treatment

Dental Fluorosis is permanent scarring of the tooth enamel caused by an overdose of fluoride in children during tooth development. Dental fluorosis affects nearly one in every four Americans ages 6 to 49.

Q: What is a major cause of fluorosis?

A: In recent decades there has been an tremendous increase in fluoride through many sources. Water is one source. Fluoride is also a very common component in pesticides, which leave fluoride residue on fruits and vegetables. Another major cause of fluorosis is the overuse of fluoride-containing toothpaste and mouth rinses.

Q: What does dental fluorosis look like?

A: Dental fluorosis causes damage to a tooth. In severe cases there is chipping and erosion of the tooth.

Q: How is dental fluorosis treated?

A: Patients affected by fluorosis should find a dentist who is experienced in treatments such as teeth whitening, veneers, enamel microabrasion, and dental crowns.

Q: What are the least and most invasive treatments of fluorosis?

A: The least invasive is enamel microabrasion. The most invasive treatment involves placing a crown around the entire tooth.

Q: What is the key to preventing fluorosis?

A: Parental vigilance. It’s important to find a dentist who can educate parents about how much fluoride is in their water. At home, keep all fluoride-containing products such as toothpaste and supplements out of the reach of young children.

Q: What is the recommended tap water fluoride concentration?

A: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends an optimal fluoride concentration of 0.7 milligrams/liter.

Q: Is dental fluorosis a sign of toxicity?

A: It’s possible. Fluorosis shouldn’t be dismissed as merely a cosmetic defect.

Leave a reply